Often, when either children an adults experience poor vision, it can be due to several possible factors including changes in the body or irregularities in the eye or visual system, eye diseases, side effects caused by medication or eye injuries. Many people also report visual disturbances associated with age or eye stress. Aging and stress can lead to changes in your vision, which can make it painful or difficult to get through normal activities such as reading the newspaper or looking at a computer screen for extended periods of time. These vision problems can be expressed through the following symptoms: blurry vision, headaches, eye strain, squinting and problems seeing at short or long distances.
One of the most common signs of a vision problem can be blurred vision. If you report blurred vision when you are looking at faraway objects or signs, you may very well have myopia, or be nearsighted. If you suffer from blurred vision when you're viewing anything close by this could mean you suffer from farsightedness, or hyperopia. It can also mean you have astigmatism which occurs due to a flaw in the shape of the cornea. No matter the reason you have blurry vision, it is vital to have your eye doctor thoroughly check your vision and prescribe a solution to help clarify your sight.
Sudden flashes of light, often combined with black floating spots and the sensation of a dark curtain inhabiting a portion of your vision indicates the possibility of what's known as a retinal detachment. In this case, make an appointment to see your eye doctor right away, as it can have severe consequences.
Another indicator of a vision problem is trouble distinguishing different colors or brightness of color. This indicates a problem perceiving color, or color blindness. Interestingly, this condition is usually not known to the patient until diagnosed via a consultation. Color blindness is mostly something that affects males. If present in a female it might represent ocular disease, in which case, an optometrist should be consulted. For those who struggle to distinguish between objects in low light, it could mean the patient suffers from night blindness.
Cataracts, a condition frequently seen older patients can have several telltale signs which include: blurry vision that weakens in bright light, trouble seeing in the dark or reduced light, difficulty discerning small writing or objects, colors that appear faded or yellowed, double or triple vision in one eye only painful redness around the eye, and an opaque white look to the usually dark pupil.
Throbbing pain in the eye, headaches, blurred sight, inflammation in the eye, rainbow rings around lights, nausea and vomiting are indicators of glaucoma, an acute medical illness, which requires immediate medical attention.
When it comes to children, we recommend you look out for uncoordinated eye movement, or eyes that cross in or out, which could indicate a condition known as strabismus. Some behavior, such as rubbing one or both eyes, squinting, or the need to close one eye in order to focus better, can often point to this issue.
If you are familiar with any of the symptoms mentioned here, make an appointment with your eye doctor promptly. While clearly some conditions are more severe than others, anything that restricts normal eyesight will be a burden, and impact your quality of life. A quick consultation with your optometrist can prevent unnecessary discomfort, or even more severe eye and vision damage.